This weapon saw use from the final days of World War I, throughout the duration of World War II as well as both the Korean and Vietnam wars due in large part to its reliability and usefulness in the sustained fire role (made possible by the water cooling jacket surrounding the barrel). In its ground-portable, crew-served role as the M2HB, the gun itself weighs 84 pounds (38 kg) and the assembled M3 tripod another 44 pounds (20 kg). While the World War I pattern top cover hinge pin appears to have been retained on most converted M1917s, the later production M1917A1s had a positive locking top cover hinge pin that allowed the top cover to remain open lessening the chance of it dropping closed on one's hands while working on the gun - this became the standard on all M1919 series guns. Creator/User: United States of America Denomination: Browning 1917A1 – .30 Caliber. Marines push back a Japanese counterattack during the Battle of Cape Gloucester in 1944. Rock Island Arsenal also developed an all-steel water jacket that went into production around 1943; this was stronger than the earlier brass capped jackets. ], An M1917A1 in Hackenberg museum (Veckring, Moselle, France). There are two main variants of it; the M1917, which was used in World War I, and the M1917A1 which was used after. The construction found little favor with the then US military. In the 1930s, the Ordnance Bureau developed a new bottom plate, which had side flanges that came up on both side of the bottom of the receiver, that was attached to the side plates by rivets. Chinn (1951). Production continued after the war with most of the 72,500 guns ultimately produced being assembled in the post war era. [6], The Army adopted the weapon as its principal heavy machine gun, utilizing the M1906 .30-06 cartridge with a 150-grain, flat-base bullet. The weapon originally fired the .30-06 M1 or M2 rifle cartridge from woven cloth or metallic link belts feeding from left to right. There were two main iterations of it: the M1917, which was used in World War I; and the M1917A1; which was used thereafter. Recognizable by the bottom plate, which had side flanges and a positive locking top cover hinge pin. Fire mode: automatic Caliber: .30-06 Springfield (7,62 mm) Feed system: 100-250 round fabric belt Effective firing range: 1,000 m Rate of fire: 500 rounds/min. Each standard belt for the M1917 typically carried 250 rounds of ammunition and the weapons muzzle velocity was about … To fire the .50 BMG, Browning turned to another proven machine-gun design, the M1917. A motivational poster for war workers, featuring the water-cooled Browning M1917 .30 caliber machine gun. Norwegian M/29 in anti-aircraft configuration on the Narvik front in 1940. A simplified, air-cooled version of the weapon, the Model 1919, was adopted after World War I and saw action in World War II, the Korean War, and the Congo crisis. At the fierce battle of Momote Airstrip in the Admiralties, the US Army's 5th Cavalry machinegunners killed several hundred Japanese in one night using their M1917 Brownings; one gun was left in position after the battle as a memorial to the desperate struggle.[11]. The Browning M1917 is a water-cooled machine gun. [10], A U.S. Marine firing his Browning M1917 machine gun at the Japanese at Battle of Iwo Jima. The Browning M1917 was a belt-fed water-cooled machine gun. The Bergmann Model 1915 n.A. The M1917 was basically an evolution of this patent. The Browning M1917 machine gun can be seen in the following films used by the following actors: The Norwegian adaption of the Colt version chambered in 7.92×57mm Mauser. After scaling up the M1917 design and incorporating a few changes, the resulting machine gun … Most Marlin M1917 and M1918 guns saw use in aircraft as defensive armament—however, as they retained the original M1895 "potato digger" ordnance's closed bolt firing cycle, these Marlin guns, weighing only some 25 pounds (11.34 kg) apiece, versus the standard Vickers gun's 33 pound (15 kg) figure for aviation use, could readily be used for forward-firing offensive armament with fighter aircraft, … M1917 Browning machine gun specification. This fixed the problem of the original bottom plates and became standard for all M1917 and M1919 series machine guns. The M1917 pattern has been used in countries the world over in a variety of forms. The M1917A variant is an updated variant, developed in the 1930s. The M1917's weight and bulk meant it was generally employed as a fixed defense or battalion or regimental support weapon. It features a heavier barrel, but lighter barrel jacket as compared to the M1917. So too, the M1917 tripods were also modified and upgraded to the A1 tripod specifications. The M1917 Browning machine gun is a heavy machine gun used by the United States armed forces in World War I, World War II, Korea, and to a limited extent in Vietnam, and by other nations.It was a belt-fed water-cooled machine gun that served alongside the much lighter air-cooled Browning M1919.It was used at the battalion level, and often mounted on vehicles (such as a jeep). A later fix was to rivet "stirrups" (right-angled steel pieces) to the bottom and side plates. This reduced the weight, … Machine guns diverged into heavier and lighter designs. The Maxim has a toggle-lock action lock similar to that of the Luger P08, while the Browning MG lock and barrel are locked by a steel block. Browning did not work on the gun again until 1910, when he built a water-cooled prototype of the 1900 design. May 26, 2019 - Explore Philip Barnett's board "M1917 Browning Machine Gun", followed by 1044 people on Pinterest. Browning arranged a test at the Springfield Armory in May 1917. It was fortunate that the war ended when it did in terms of working out the problems on the M1917 Browning water-cooled machine gun. In the 1970s the remaining M/1936 were converted to the 7.62×51 mm NATO. An early fix was to attach a roughly horseshoe-shaped steel bracket around the rearmost part of the receiver. The M1917 Browning machine gun is a heavy machine gun used by the United States armed forces in World War I, World War II, Korea, and to a limited extent in Vietnam; it has also been used by other nations. Because of production delays, only about 1,200 Model 1917s saw combat in the conflict, and then only in the last 2½ months of the war. Many of the 1917s were given to South Vietnam. Consequently, Browning used a second gun that not only duplicated the original trial, but it also fired continuously for 48 minutes and 12 seconds (over 21,000 rounds). A metal M1 link was later adopted, forming a \"disintegrating\" belt.Loading was accomplished by inserting the pull tab on the ammunition belt from the left side of the gun - either metal links or metal tab on cloth belts - until the belt-holding pawl at the entrance of the feed way grabbed the belt and held it in place. (German: neue Art; English: New Model) is a German air-cooled Machine Gun used during World War I. So the ‘rediscovered’ Browning machine gun was mass-produced within a very short time as Machine-gun Caliber .30 M1917 and a contract for 45,000 pieces was agreed. [8] With M1 ball, the M1917 had a maximum range of about 5,500 yd (5,000 m); with M2 ammunition, about 3,500 yd (3,200 m). The Bergmann Model 1915 n.A. From the original heavy machine gun Browning M1921 a number of variants have been developed until today, which is still in use as Browning M2 machine gun. It could cross a seven-foot trench and climb a three-foot vertical wall. The combined weight of the gun (filled with water) and … A Browning M1917 in action during the Korean War. Browning replaced side ejection with bottom ejection, added a buffer for smoother operation, replaced the hammer with a two piece firing pin, and some other minor improvements. In 1901, John Moses Browning filed US Patent 678937 for an automatic recoil loader. There is also one other booklet with patterns on one of the other guns in this lot. The Browning is a water-cooled heavy machine gun, though some versions that did not use a water jacket were experimented with; the air-cooled M1919 was later developed as a medium machine gun. The air-cooled Caliber .30 'A4 was much more portable than the heavy M1917A1 water-cooled weapon, but also less accurate and less stable. Browning replaced side ejection with bottom ejection, added a buffer for smoother operation, replaced the hammer with a two piece firing pin, and some other minor improvements.The basic design of the gun was still the 1900 design. "The Machine Gun". Air-cooled experimental weapons led after the First World War to the lighter M1919, which was built mechanically the same. A motivational poster for war workers, featuring the water-cooled Browning M1917 .30 caliber machine gun. Whereas the M1917 Browning was a good machine gun it was further improved as the air-cooled M1919 Browning. By June 30, 1918, Westinghouse had made only 2,500 and Remington had made only 1,600. The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) is a family of American automatic rifles and machine guns used by the United States and numerous other countries during the 20th century. Unlike many other early machine guns, the M1917 had nothing to do with Maxim's toggle lock design. [17] The M/29 saw sterling service in the 1940 Norwegian Campaign, often deployed as the only heavy weapon of Norwegian front line units. The M1917 destroyed machine gun nests and barbed wire obstacles as infantrymen followed, taking advantage of newly opened breaches in enemy lines. Although the gun worked well, Browning improved the design slightly. The Ordnance Board was impressed but was unconvinced that the same level of performance could be achieved in a production model. The last ones in regular US service were on the machine gun infiltration course at Fort Benning, Georgia, where their sustained-fire capability was an advantage in long nights of shooting over the heads of low-crawling trainees. See more ideas about Machine gun, M1917, World war two. In 1926, the Browning's rear sight was revised to incorporate scales for both the new M1 Ball (172-grain boat-tail bullet) and the M1906 (150-grain flat-base bullet) ammunition. The Model 1917A1 was again used in the Second World War, and was primarily used with the M2 ball, tracer, and armor-piercing ammunition introduced just prior to the outbreak of hostilities. A sub-variant, the M1918M1, was developed as a flexible version of the fixed M1918. Until the start of World War I, the Army had used a variety of older machine guns like the M1895 Colt-Browning machine gun "Potato Digger" (which Browning had also designed) and weapons like the Maxim Gun, the Benet–Mercie M1909, and the Hotchkiss M1914 machine gun. The M1917 Browning is a water-cooled heavy machine gun that was used by U.S. Army in World War I, World War II, Korea and to a small extent in Vietnam. Norwegian designation for the Colt M1917 (mentioned in the following section) in 7.92 mm, used as the standard HMG and anti-aircraft weapon for the Norwegian Army from 1929 to 1940. 17 1/2" x 11 5/16" x 1/16", Color, Weight = .75 lb. In 1930, Poland adopted the Ckm wz.30, a clone of the M1917. Although the Model 1917 was intended to be the principal US Army heavy machine gun in the war, the Army was, in fact, forced to purchase many foreign weapons - the French-produced Hotchkiss 8 mm machine gun was actually the most numerous heavy machine gun used by the American Expeditionary Force. The M1919 originally fired the .30 cal M1906 (30-06) ball cartridge, and later the .30 caliber M2 ball cartridge, contained in a woven cloth belt, feeding from left to right. M1917 Browning machine gun specification. The stirrup fix became the standard reinforcement until a more permanent fix for the problem was developed. [3] The basic design of the gun was still the 1900 design. Air-cooled experimental weapons led after the First World War to the lighter M1919, which was built mechanically the same. It was a belt-fed water-cooled machine gun that served alongside the much lighter air-cooled Browning M1919. The Browning i… [19]. The M-1917 had a rate of fire of 450-600 cpm. The gun did continue to see service in some Third World armies well into the later half of the 20th century. The belt fed left-to-right, and the cartridges were stacked closer together than Maxim/Vickers (patterns copied by most guns later. The M1917 .30 caliber water-cooled machine gun was developed by John Browning as a result of the United States entry into the First World War in 1917. The M1919 Browning is a .30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century. Developed during the First World War, the M1918 arrived too late, but became the dominant weapon of its type in US service until the development of the M1919. 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